TRADICIONAL GAMES 5º AND 6º

En las próximas sesiones vamos a recordar algunos de esos juegos muy antiguos a los que jugaban nuestros abuelos y que, por desgracia, poco a poco van desapareciendo. Verás que algunos de esos juegos te resultan conocidos y que incluso los has practicado. Sin embargo, otros, los desconocerás ya que en los últimos años se está produciendo un excesivo protagonismo de algunos juegos y deportes debido, en parte, a la influencia de la televisión y la publicidad.

Pese a todo lo señalado vas a poder comprobar lo divertidos que resultan estos juegos y además vamos a hacernos una idea de cómo se divertían antiguamente. Veremos también algunos aspectos que van unidos a estos juegos (costumbres, tradiciones, canciones que los acompañan, etc.).

Los juegos de este tipo que vamos a recordar son muy variados:

– Hay muchos juegos de carrera como las carreras con pies juntos, a la pata coja, de carretilla, de burros, policía y ladrones, marro, la cadena, las 4 esquinas, la araña, el cortahilos, la peste,……

– Son también numerosos los juegos de esconderse, entre los que podemos citar el escondite, el bote-bote, carabi-caraba, el chocolate inglés, ……

– De todos son conocidos los juegos de saltos como el de “a la una ……”,el correcalles, el llamado chorro morro, churro o también burro con el conocido “churro, media manga, manga entera o patatón” o formulas similares.

 

A la una anda la mula
A las dos el reloj
A las tres Pepito, Manolito y Andrés
A las cuatro un buen salto
A las cinco un buen brinco
A las seis merendé
A las siete pan y leche
A las ocho un bizcocho
A las nueve empina la bota y bebe
A las diez otra vez
A las once llama el conde
A las doce le responde
A las trece ya amanece
A las catorce ya es de día y empieza otra vez la vuelta sin parar todo el día.

Unit about Recycled Material. 5º and 6º

This unit explores the use of self – made material as a resource to enhance the possibilities of the Cooperative Learning model. The process of constructing and sharing equipment fosters the five critical elements of Cooperative Learning in physical education. When students are asked to build a piece of equipment with their mates or parents, they are guided into a face – to – face interaction process. Consequently, interpersonal skills are developed through group processing in order to solve contingencies. The challenge of the task implies individual accountability, because students must create low – cost, efficient equipment for the group. Once built, these self – made material can be integrated in physical education sessions like conventional equipment, with all the advantages that the process of construction has generated (creativity, active learning, students centred – learning, social learning).

In today´s sustainability – oriented curriculum the mantra is reduce, reuse and recycle in every aspect of our life. Over the past forty years, different authors have worked on the idea of employing ´use or old´ materials to create equipment for physical education or recreation. All them were talking about ´found´, ´throw away´, ´non – traditional´ or ´recycled´ material that are not difficult to adapt and use in physical education.

With this in mind, the first pillar of this ´homemade´ approach to physical education equipment is the idea of raising ecological awareness in the school community. Thus, the goal would be to increase the student´s consciousness of the physical environment, so they could become sustainability – oriented.

The second pillar of this approach is the scarcity and over cost of materials in physical education as a result of limited budgets. It is considered that activities are often inequitably chosen due t the absence of material resources, which in turn, affects students and their movement experiences. Therefore, the quantity and quality of a school´s equipment can detrimentally influence the excellence of its physical education curriculum. Moreover, in many cases, large classes and the lack of enough equipment prevent children from having time to practice and improve their psychomotor skills.

With this Unit, Students will:
• construct their own materials.
• get physical exercise as they learn about local recycling efforts.
• learn about the importance of recycling.
• raise ecological awareness as social values.
• understand that money doesn´t mean everything.

In order to develop this unit, students must build these materials. To make easier the comprehension, materials are described in spanish language.

Suaviball: Bote de suavizante, lejía o detergente que tenga asa. Se recorta la parte de abajo del envase para que quede un hueco en esa parte. Hay que pulir la zona cortada y decorarlo.

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Pelotas: Introducir arroz en una bolsa. Meter esa bolsa en un globo y luego en otro globo. Poner cinta aislante alrededor de los globos para evitar posibles roturas.12

 

Yogurball: En un envase de yogur, se hace un pequeño agujero en la parte de debajo. A continuación se pasa un cordón o hilo y se hacen varios nudos. En el otro extremo del cordón se coloca una bola o tapón de botella.

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Bolos: Con botellas de plástico decoradas. Introducir la misma cantidad de arena en todas.

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Juego de los aros: Sobre una base se pega un cartón de papel de cocina. Posteriormente, se decora. Los aros pequeños se pueden realizar recortando cartones o platos de cocina de plástico.

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Mazas: Se introduce un palo de madera o plástico en un envase. Reforzar y decorar.

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U.D TENNIS 4º, 5º AND 6º

A game of tennis is played by hitting-striking the ball in a way that an opponent can not return it. It´s played on a rectangular court by two (singles) or four (doubles) persons.

THE COURT

The court is divided across the middle by a net.

RULES

A tennis game starts with the server tossing the ball into the air and hitting it with a racquet. The receiver returns the ball.

If a ball touches the line it is OK.

At the end of each game the receiver get into the server and the server get into the receiver.

The ball can bounce once.

EQUIPMENT

Ball, racquet,

SCORE IN A GAME

(a player can win o lose the point).

First point -15

Second point-30

Third point-40

Fourth point-game

If each player wins three points, the score is “Deuce”. After deuce the score is advantage.

The player who wins 6 games gets a set.

USEFUL EXPRESIONS

Draw, heads or tails, left or hand side, service, server, good luck, cheer up, come on, go for it, you are the best.

VOLLEY 5º-6º

VOLLEY

 

 RULES

–          Rotate  clockwise or anti-clockwise

–          The boundary line is good/ in

–          Teams rotate each time they  serve. They switch positions.

–          You can not touch the net.

–          The referee judges

 SCORING

–          Game will be played to 25 points.

–          A team scores a point by grounding the ball on the opponent´s court.

–          To gain the serve.

 COURT

–          End line – side line – back boundary line – boundary lines

–          Divided into 2 halves.

–          Back row – front row.

 PLAYERS

–          Serving team- opposing team.

–          Attacker (player)

–          To be on offence – The team on defence

 EXPRESSIONS

–          Ace: point in the serve

–          Sideout: fault on the serve

–          Roof- Stuff: blocks

–          Dig: Prevent the ball from grounding

–          Kill: Spike with a point.

–          The ball contacts the floor.

–          The player strikes the ball

 HITS

–          Serve: underhand and overhand serve, jump serve.

–          Pass or reception: underarm pass or bumps – overhand pass with the fingertips.

–          Block

–          Dig: to prevent the ball from touching one´s court after a spike or attack.

HANDBALL 4º, 5º and 6º

It,s a game played with a small ball, between two teams of seven players.

The team that scores most goals, wins the match.

Each team is :

– a defender team (try to bother or obstruct the opponent-adversary team)

– and an attacking team (try to score a goal and  pass the ball at your playmates)

THE COURT

The playing court has two goal areas and a playing area.

The goals are inside the goal area and must have a net.

RULES – FOULS (a team commits a violation of rules).

  • The players avoid to enter the goal area (except for the goalkeeper)
  • Two many steps without bouncing
  • Holding the ball more than 3 seconds.
  • Holding or pushing or hitting the opponent player.

THROWS

  • Throw in
  • Free – throw
  • The goalkeeper throw
  • The 7-meter throw
  • The throw off (at the start the game, each half, after a goal)

ATHLETICS 4º, 5º and 6º

Athletics is a popular sport with different disciplines:

High jump

Long jump

Hurdles (the 100 meters hurdles)

 

Hammer

Discus throwing

Javelin throwing

relay´s races

Long-distance races

Maximum o top speed

PHYSICAL CONDITION

ENGLISH LANGUAGE: beats, intensity, low, high, to take his pulse, to check beats, reaction time games

KEY WORDS: endurance, heart rate monitor, stretching, push- ups, step, sit- ups, strength, flexibility, speed

Acrosport. First, Second and Third Level.

This week we start a new unit called ACROSPORT.

ACROSPORT is a part of Gymnastics. It is a team competition accompanied by music.

Teams must create different structures and build human pyramids in time with the music.

ACROSPORT is a sport that needs physical strength, stamina, rythm, coordination and balance. It´s  a team sport, so your partners  DEPEND  ON YOU. 

It combines the beauty DANCE and ACROBATICS. Gymnastic skills add excitement to the exercises. Acrobatic show grace, strength and flexibility.

CHOREOGRAPHY and SYNCHRONISATION add beauty and creativity to each exercise.

To sum up, the STRENGTH, the FLEXIBILITY, the BALANCE and CONCENTRATION are extremely relevant for a good performance.

Here you can watch some videos connected with the topic. Enjoy them. In addition you can read some interesting english vocabulary.

Form groups                                                       Skills

Imitate                                                                    Grace

Perform                                                                  Helper

Lying position                                                     Lifter = stronger partner

To be aware                                                         Agile = lighter partner

Transition                                                             Face to face

Invent                                                                      Back to back

First, second, third, fourth,……              On all fours

Sticks                                                                        Kneeling

Rehearse                                                                Sitting down

Carry out

Improve

To be held

Safety

Routine

Balance

Creativity

Face up / Face down

SEMANA DEL ESQUÍ

 

 

 

Ya tenemos las fechas para la semana de esquí. Nos iremos a Ochagavia del 15 al 20 de enero.  Os proporcionamos el listado:

–          Gorro (que puede ser de diferentes materiales pero que en cualquier caso debe cubrir las orejas).

–          Gafas específicas para la nieve.

–          Pantalón o peto (lo más impermeable posible). Si tienes dos, puedes llevar los dos.

–          Guantes (lo más impermeables posible y no pueden ser de lana).

–          Chubasquero o anorak  (hay que llevar otra cazadora para usarla por las tardes en caso de que la primera esté mojada). No valen los típicos plumíferos que al mojarse pesan un montón.

–          Debajo del chubasquero es necesario llevar un polo o jersey que cubra el cuello. En su defecto se puede utilizar bragas.

–          Calcetines gruesos.

–          Bolsa de aseo

–          Una toalla de ducha (importante).

–          Crema solar y protector de labios.

–          Ropa normal para utilizar por las tardes teniendo en cuenta que puede hacer frío.

–          Una cantimplora o botella pequeña de plástico.

–          Zapatillas deportivas (se utilizan para subir a las pistas en el autobús y poder guardarlas en la mochila mientras se esquía. Si se lleva para este fin otro tipo de calzado hay que asegurarse de que cabe en la mochila).

–          Zapatillas de casa para los alojamientos.

–          Zapatos o botas para utilizar por las tardes. Hay que tener en cuenta que el pueblo podría estar nevado. Que las lleven puestas y así se ocupa menos espacio en la maleta.

–          Ropa interior, pijama,…….

–          Una mochila para llevar cada día las botas de esquí y guardar las zapatillas.

Recordar, por último, que están prohibidos los teléfonos móviles y que la maleta debe ser transportada por los propios  niños hasta el alojamiento. Por tanto, se requiere mucha eficacia a la hora de preparar la misma ( no te olvides de cosas necesarias y evita las innecesarias).

U.D BASEBALL 4º, 5º AND 6º

It is a game played with a hard ball and bat, between two teams of nine players each.

Baseball is the national game of theUnited States, because it is the most popular sport there. It is played by people of all ages.

The team that scores the most runs (when a batter goes through the bases and home) wins the game.

The pitcher in the defender team throws the ball towards the batter, a player on the attacking team.

The batter tries to hit the ball into the field. If he hits the ball he then runs around the bases.

The defenders in the field try to put him out.

Batters and runners can be put out in many ways.

The catcher tries to catch the ball thrown by the pitcher when the batter doesn´t want to hit the ball or can´t hit it.

The umpire decides if the ball thrown by the pitcher went through the right zone (over the base and in between the knees and shoulders of the batter).

THE FIELD